Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
American Society of Civil Engineers
Electromagnetic flow meters (known as magnetic flow meters) are a widely used type of flow meter. This study examines the performance of magnetic flow meters when the electrodes in the meter are positioned at two different orientations: electrodes parallel with the plane of an upstream 90° short radius elbow and electrodes perpendicular to the plane of an upstream 90° short radius elbow. Four different meters from four different manufacturers were included in the study in which a baseline straight pipe test was first performed using more than 50 diameters of straight pipe upstream of each meter. The four meters were then installed at five different locations downstream from a 90° short-radius elbow. At each location, the meters were tested in two orientations at five different flow rates. From this study, shifts in the flow rate were observed with the electrodes located at two different orientations. These shifts in flow rate ranged from 0.01% to 4.40% of the total flow measurement, and the average shifts in flow rate ranged from 0.07% to 2.78%. For the purposes of this study, the shift in flow rate is the percentage relative to the baseline test. The results from this study illustrated that there is a significant difference in measurement accuracy when the meter electrodes are installed at different orientations relative to the plane of the bend.
Justensen, Jared C., Barfuss, Steven L., Johnson, Michael C., Meacham, Thomas E. "Effects of Meter Orientation Downstream of a Short Radius Elbow on Electromagnetic Flow Meters." Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, vol. 145, no. 2, 2018, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0001357