Title

Effect of pH and Gas-phase Ozone Concentration on the Decolorization Efficiency of Common Textile Dyes

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

J. Environmental Engineering

Volume

123

Publication Date

2002

First Page

293

Last Page

298

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a laboratory study on the effect of pH (2, 5, and 9) and gas-phase ozone concentration (1, 7, and 11 wt %) on the decolorization efficiency via ozonation for seven common textile dyes. Higher gas-phase ozone concentrations resulted in higher decolorization rates due to more rapid ozone transfer. Higher gas-phase ozone concentration, however, was also observed to have a positive, neutral, or negative effect on ozone dose requirements for different dyes. In general, greater ozone utilization efficiency was achieved at lower pH levels where direct ozone reactions predominate. It was observed that because ozonation can cause significant resolubilization of precipitated dyes, complete removal of dye precipitate should be accomplished prior to polishing via ozonation. The results point to the need for laboratory and/or pilot testing for dye-laden wastestreams to allow process optimization.

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