Document Type

Conference Paper

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Proceedings of SPIE




SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

Publication Date


Award Number

NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NNX17AF51G


NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

First Page


Last Page



Surface temperature is necessary for the estimation of energy fluxes and evapotranspiration from satellites and airborne data sources. For example, the Two-Source Energy Balance (TSEB) model uses thermal information to quantify canopy and soil temperatures as well as their respective energy balance components. While surface (also called kinematic) temperature is desirable for energy balance analysis, obtaining this temperature is not straightforward due to a lack of spatially estimated narrowband (sensor-specific) and broadband emissivities of vegetation and soil, further complicated by spectral characteristics of the UAV thermal camera. This study presents an effort to spatially model narrowband and broadband emissivities for a microbolometer thermal camera at UAV information resolution (~0.15 m) based on Landsat and NASA HyTES information using a deep learning (DL) model. The DL model is calibrated using equivalent optical Landsat / UAV spectral information to spatially estimate narrowband emissivity values of vegetation and soil in the 7–14- nm range at UAV resolution. The resulting DL narrowband emissivity values were then used to estimate broadband emissivity based on a developed narrowband-broadband emissivity relationship using the MODIS UCSB Emissivity Library database. The narrowband and broadband emissivities were incorporated into the TSEB model to determine their impact on the estimation of instantaneous energy balance components against ground measurements. The proposed effort was applied to information collected by the Utah State University AggieAir small Unmanned Aerial Systems (sUAS) Program as part of the ARS-USDA GRAPEX Project (Grape Remote sensing Atmospheric Profile and Evapotranspiration eXperiment) over a vineyard located in Lodi, California. A comparison of resulting energy balance component estimates, with and without the inclusion of high-resolution narrowband and broadband emissivities, against eddy covariance (EC) measurements under different scenarios are presented and discussed.


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