Phosphate Inhibitors and Red Water in Stagnant Iron Pipes
Journal of Environmental Engineering
American Society of Civil Engineering
This four-year study evaluated the effect of phosphate inhibitors on the corrosion of iron pipes under extended stagnant water conditions. Study parameters included pH and alkalinity, age of the pipe, water stagnation time, and inhibitor type. For iron release, addition of phosphate inhibitors had no statistically significant effect (at 95% confidence) in two-thirds of the experiments. In the remaining experiments, addition of orthophosphate or zinc orthophosphate always increased iron concentration. Polyphosphate addition decreased iron release at only one water quality and increased it at other conditions. For weight loss, polyphosphate inhibitor dosing did not decrease the extent of scale buildup or overall weight loss. Orthophosphate dosing reduced overall weight loss at only one water quality condition; at all other conditions, the addition of orthophosphate had a detrimental effect.
McNeill, L.S. and M. Edwards, “Phosphate Inhibitors and Red Water in Stagnant Iron Pipes,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, 126(12), 1096-1102, December 2000.