Effects of alternative furrow irrigation parameters on pesticide movement in cropped areas in Utah
Production of adequate supplies of food and fiber currently requires that pesticides be used to limit crop losses caused by insects, pathogens, weeds and other pests. Although pesticides are necessary in today' s agriculture, they can be a serious problem if they reach and contaminate ground water, especially where drinking water needs are met by ground water. The relative reduction of potential ground-water contamination due to agricultural use of pesticides was analyzed for particular sites in Utah. The potential reduction of pesticides in ground water was considered by utilizing alternative irrigation systems, water management practices and pesticides. A one-dimensional simulation model, CMLS (Chemical Movement in Layered Soils), was utilized to simulate the movement of pesticides through soils. A hydraulic irrigation model (Kinematic-wave) was used to estimate water infiltration through the soil profile for alternative furrow lengths and inflow rates. The study indicates that a reduction in the likelihood of ground-water contamination due to agricultural use of pesticides can be achieved with careful use of pesticides, efficient irrigation system designs and improved water management techniques.
Requena, A.M., Ranjha, A.Y., Peralta, R.C., Deer, H.M., Ehteshami M. and R.W. Hill. 1990. Effects of alternative furrow irrigation parameters on pesticide movement in cropped areas in Utah. Paper No. 90-2053, American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Presented by Peralta at ASAE Summer Meeting, Columbus, Ohio, 24 Jun. 25 p.