Title

Role of Polarization Functions in Cation Binding. H3N-Li+ and H2O-Li+

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Chemical Physics

Publication Date

8-1985

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

98

Issue

1

First Page

59

Last Page

70

DOI

10.1016/0301-0104(85)80094-X

Abstract

Interactions between a Li+ cation and the bases NH3 and OH2 are studied by ab initio molecular orbital methods. Basis sets range in size from 6-31G* to 6-311 + G** and include also double-valence types containing two sets of polarization functions. Interactions energies computed with the singly polarized (SP) sets are too high, due in large part to overestimates of the dipole moments of the bases. Both of these errors are greatly reduced when d functions are added to first-now atoms (DP). The contributions of electron correlation to the interactions are included via Móller-Plesset theory to second and third orders. Whereas the SP basis sets lead incorrectly to attractive contributions of correlation, this component is positive with the DP sets which, moreover, involve substantially smaller basis set superposition errors at both the SCF and correlated levels. The second set of d functions is responsible also for correct behavior of both the second- and third-order components of correlation. Lithium cation and proton affinities calculated with the DP basis set are in excellent accord with values measured experimentally.

Comments

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030101048580094X

Publisher PDF is available for download through the link above.

Published by Chemical Physics in Elsevier.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS