Title

The Geometry and Internal Rotational Barrier of Carbamic Acid and Several Derivatives

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Journal of Molecular Structure: TheoChem

Publication Date

11-1988

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

180

First Page

175

Last Page

188

DOI

10.1016/0166-1280(88)80088-5

Abstract

The geometries of the following carbamate-containing molecules have been optimized at the ab initio SCF level using the MINI-1, 3-21G, and 6-31G* basis sets: carbamic acid, methylcarbamate, ethylcarbamate, N-methyl methylcarbamate, N,N-dimethyl methylcarbamate, N-vinyl methyl-carbamate and N-phenyl methylcarbamate. The latter two basis sets yield geometries in best agreement with experimental data. Calculated energy barriers for rotation about the CN bond become progressively higher as the basis set is enlarged; electron correlation leads to a modest reduction. At the MP2/6-31G*//6-31G* level, the barriers lie in the range of 80–90 kJ mol−1. Alkyl substitution on either end of the carbamate group increases the +C=O charge separation. N-substitution reduces the electron density on the nitrogen whereas the negative charge of this atom is increased by esterification of carbamic acid.

Comments

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0166128088800885

Publisher PDF is available for download through the link above.

Published by Elsevier in Journal of Molecular Structure.

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