Use of Multiple Lines of Evidence to Understand Reactive Mercury Concentrations and Chemistry in Hawai’i, Nevada, Maryland, and Utah, USA
Environmental Science & Technology
American Chemical Society
NSF, Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences 1700722
NSF, Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences
To advance our understanding of the mercury (Hg) biogeochemical cycle, concentrations and chemistry of gaseous oxidized Hg (GOM), particulate-bound Hg (PBM), and reactive Hg (RM = GOM + PBM) need to be known. The UNR-RMAS 2.0 provides a solution that will advance knowledge. From 11/2017 to 02/2019, the RMAS 2.0 was deployed in Hawai’i, Nevada, Maryland, and Utah to test system performance and develop an understanding of RM at locations impacted by different atmospheric oxidants. Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawai’i, impacted by the free troposphere and the marine boundary layer, had primarily −Br/Cl RM compounds. The Nevada location, directly adjacent to a major interstate highway and experiences inputs from the free troposphere, exhibited −Br/Cl, −N, −S, and organic compounds. In Maryland, compounds observed were −N, −S, and organic-Hg. This site is downwind of coal-fired power plants and located in a forested area. The location in Utah is in a basin impacted by oil and natural gas extraction, multiday wintertime inversion episodes, and inputs from the free troposphere. Compounds were −Br/Cl or −O, −N, and −Br/Cl. The chemical forms of RM identified were consistent with the air source areas, predominant ion chemistry, criterion air pollutants, and meteorology.
Luippold, Adriel, et al. “Use of Multiple Lines of Evidence to Understand Reactive Mercury Concentrations and Chemistry in Hawai’i, Nevada, Maryland, and Utah, USA.” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 54, no. 13, July 2020, pp. 7922–31. DOI.org (Crossref), doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c02283.