Computational Prediction of the Low-Temperature Ferromagnetic Semiconducting 2D SiN Monolayer
Physica Status Solidi. B: Basic Research
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
NSF, Division of Chemistry (CHE) 1664379
NSF, Division of Chemistry (CHE)
Since the discovery of graphene, 2D materials have captured the minds of scientists because of their attractive and unique electronic properties. In particular, magnetic 2D materials have become a subject of extensive discussions today. Using density functional theory calculations, it is shown that 2D SiN sheet (built out of nonmetallic main group atoms) is a ferromagnetic semiconducting material with a magnetic moment 1 μB per unit cell and an indirect bandgap of 1.55 eV. Calculated phonon spectrum and conducted ab initio molecular dynamics simulation reveal thermal and dynamical stability of the designed material. It is shown that the ferromagnetic state is stable up to 20 K. Magnetism of silicon mononitride can be described by the presence of an unpaired electron located on silicon atoms. The semiconducting and ferromagnetic properties of SiN monolayer open many opportunities for its potential use in spintronic and nanoelectronic devices.
Tkachenko, N.V., Song, B., Steglenko, D., Minyaev, R.M., Yang, L. and Boldyrev, A.I. (2020), Computational Prediction of the Low-Temperature Ferromagnetic Semiconducting 2D SiN Monolayer. Phys. Status Solidi B, 257: 1900619. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.201900619