Geniculodendron pyriforme Salt was identified and characterized by Salt (1974) as the fungus responsible for germination failure of Sitka spruce [Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.] seed in Canadian and British forest nurseries. It was confirmed that the fungus isolated by Epners (1964) from seed of Pinus resinosa Ait., P. sylvestris L., P. strobus L., and Picea glauca (Moench.) Voss. in Canadian nurseries was the same (Salt, 1974). In addition, Salt (1970) demonstrated that the pathogen can infect seeds of western hemlock [Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.], lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Doug!. ex Loud.), Japanese larch [Larix leptolepis (Sieb. and Zucc.) Gord.] and Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco].
Wicklow-Howard, M.W. and J. Skujins (1980). Infection of Engelmann spruce seeds by Geniculodendron pyriforme in Western North America. Mycologia, 72(2): 406-410.