Title

STAMINA 2.0: Improving Scalability of Infinite-State Stochastic Model Checking

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Volume

13182

Publisher

Springer

Publication Date

1-14-2022

Funder

NSF

First Page

319

Last Page

331

Abstract

Stochastic model checking (SMC) is a formal verification technique for the analysis of systems with probabilistic behavior. Scalability has been a major limiting factor for SMC tools to analyze real-world systems with large or infinite state spaces. The infinite-state Continuous-time Markov Chain (CTMC) model checker, STAMINA, tackles this problem by selectively exploring only a portion of a model’s state space, where a majority of the probability mass resides, to efficiently give an accurate probability bound to properties under verification. In this paper, we present two major improvements to STAMINA, namely, a method of calculating and distributing estimated state reachability probabilities that improves state space truncation efficiency and combination of the previous two CTMC analyses into one for generating the probability bound. Demonstration of the improvements on several benchmark examples, including hazard analysis of infinite-state combinational genetic circuits, yield significant savings in both run-time and state space size (and hence memory), compared to both the previous version of STAMINA and the infinite-state CTMC model checker INFAMY. The improved STAMINA demonstrates significant scalability to allow for the verification of complex real-world infinite-state systems.

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