Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access in a mmWave Based IoT Wireless System with SWIPT
This paper applies non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and relaying schemes in a mmWave based wireless heterogeneous system that aims to support Internet of Things (IoT) applications. The system consists of high power base stations, low-power relays, and low-power IoT devices. Due to the ad hoc deployment nature of low-power relays, they have very limited access to wireline power charging facilities. Furthermore, IoT devices normally have limited power and short battery life. The study assumes low-power relays and IoT devices are capable of energy harvest functionality. With the help of relays or IoT devices, downlink NOMA transmission consists of two phases. In the first phase, the BS sends a composite signal to a UE and a selected relay simultaneously by applying NOMA. After receiving the signal, relay or the IoT device split the signal into two parts. One part is for information decoding and the other part is for energy harvesting. In the second phase, the BS sends another message to UE 1 while the relay sends the decoded message to UE 2 by using the harvested energy in phase 1. The outage problem of the proposed scheme is analyzed and simulations results are presented to verify the theoretical results.