Input Market Definition under Department of Justice Merger Guidelines
Review of Industrial Organization
This paper applies the Justice Department's Merger Guidelines to define a relevant antitrust market for an input. An expression for the elasticity of the residual demand facing a monopoly supplier of a factor of production is derived. It is shown that proper input market definition depends on the elasticity of residual demand confronting the downstream input users, on the supply elasticity in the downstream market (which, in turn, depends on the rate of capital depreciation there), on the cost of the input as a percentage of downstream sales, and on the extent to which the monopolist is integrated downstream.
Input Market Definition under Department of Justice Merger Guidelines” (with Richard S. Higgins), Review of Industrial Organization 4 (Fall 1989), pp. 99–114.