Private School Enrollment and Public School Performance
Federal, state, and local expenditures for public education amounted to $184 billion, or $4,538 per pupil, in 1987-88 (Lieberman, 1989: 29). At the same time, educational achievement in the United States, whether measure in terms of student performance on standardized tests, literacy rates, or other dimensions of learning, has been stagnant for a decade or more (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983). As a result, public concern with public education has reached a level not seen since the Soviet Union launched its Sputnik satellite in 1957. Calls for educational reform are rampant in many states, with proposals being advanced for increasing teacher salaries, implementing merit pay for teachers, adopting more stringent teacher training and certification requirements, and introducing various other initiatives designed to improve the quality of education delivered by the public schools.
Private School Enrollment and Public School Performance” (with Jim F. Couch and Al L. Williams), Public Choice 76 (August 1993), pp. 301–312.