Title

On Ethnic Conflict and the Origins of Transnational Terrorism

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Defence and Peace Economics

Volume

21

Issue

1

Publication Date

2010

First Page

65

Last Page

87

Abstract

Using the ITERATE dataset, we explore the origins of transnational terrorist activity, from 1982 through 1997, in 118 countries. We model terrorism, not as a function of a nation’s ethnic, religious or linguistic fractionalization, but as an independent measure of perceived ethnic tensions. When we control for institutional quality, evidence that political rights and civil liberties mitigate the terrorism‐producing effects of ethnic tensions exists only since 1990. Economic freedoms, on the other hand, robustly reduce the number of terrorist attacks originating in ethnically tense societies.

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