Archaeology of Overshoot and Collapse
Annual Review of Anthropology
The literature on sustainability and the human future emphasizes the belief that population and/or mass consumption caused resource degradation and collapse in earlier societies. Archaeological literature proposing overshoot and collapse appears in current debates over resource conservation versus continued economic growth. The prominence of this debate, with its national and international dimensions, makes it important to assess whether there is evidence in the archaeological literature for overshoot and collapse brought on by Malthusian overpopulation and/or mass consumption.
Tainter, J. A. Archaeology of Overshoot and Collapse. Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 59-74.