Scheduling Models for Wilderness Recreation
Journal of Environmental Management
The scheduling of recreation in wilderness areas is explored through mathematical decision modeling. Two hypothetical systems are studied: a system of hiking trails, where the solution is found using quadratic programming; and a river system for recreational float trips, where solutions are derived utilizing quadratic programming, linear programming, and goal programming. Trips are allocated to a known user demand which minimizes the encounters among users, subject to camp-ground capacity constraints. The allocation schedules give information for camp-ground or trail expansion which leads to the greatest reduction in encounters, and the solutions provide upper and lower boundaries for encounters. Attention is given to incorporating these models into decision making, pointing out incompleteness within the models and how this restricts the conclusions which can be drawn. The major difficulty is that people are hostile to the idea of having natural experiences so rigidly programmed. Yet, with increasing demand for recreation from a limited resource base, trade-offs involving freedom of choice must be expected.
H. C. Romesburg. 1974. Scheduling Models for Wilderness Recreation. Journal of Environmental Management, 2:159-177.