Title

Do fish feel pain?

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Animal Welfare Institute Quarterly

Publication Date

2011

Volume

60

Issue

1

First Page

27

Abstract

The realization that mammals and birds are capable of experiencing pain and distress has had a profound influence on our relationship with them. The knowledge of this pain capacity has inspired a substantial number of laws, ordinances, regulations, and policies that dictate how mammals and birds can and should be treated when used for food and fiber production, in research, as companion animals, in zoological displays, and in many other situations. Although there is much work still to be done in improving the lives of these animals, no one should question that mammals and birds need to be protected from unnecessary pain and distress.

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