Soil organic matter changes over two decades of winter wheat-fallow cropping in western Nebraska.
Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems.
The soil type at the native sod site is a Duroc loam, a fine silty, mixed, mesic Pachic Haplustoll. Soil texture within the native sod treatment is about 40% sand, 35% silt, and 25% clay at the 0- to 15-cm depth. Soil samples have been collected and numerous soil measurements made at irregular intervals and various incremental depths. Decreased soil stability with cultivation was found to be paralleled by a reduction of organic matter concentrations and an increase in microaggregate formation. The stratification of crop residues, organic matter, and soil organisms within the profile of no-till is suggested as a major mechanism for immobilization of N near the soil surface as compared to conventional tillage. J. W. Doran’s findings were reiterated by R. F. Follett and G. A. Peterson, who found no-till resulted in the maintenance of higher soil organic matter compared to plow tillage, especially in the surface 5 cm.
Lyon, D.W., C.A. Monz, R.A. Brown, A.K Metherell. 1997. Soil organic matter changes over two decades of winter wheat-‐‐fallow cropping in western Nebraska. In: Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems. E.A. Paul, C.V. Cole, K. Paustian, E.T. Elliott, eds. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, FL USA.