Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Special Education and Rehabilitation

Committee Chair(s)

Robert Morgan


Robert Morgan


Tom Higbee


Kimberly Snow


The effects of social stories and script fading were investigated on increasing interactions of students with disabilities with their non-disabled peers. Social stories and script fading are treatments typically used for persons with autism spectrum disorder. This study examined effects on students with intellectual disabilities and multiple disabilities. In sequential treatments, social stories and 'scripts' were read to students just prior to their lunch, so each could be assessed on their effectiveness in increasing initiations and responses in social situations in a lunch line with typical students. Social stories and script fading were analyzed in the context of a multiple baseline design across three participants, all 12- to 14-year-old youth with significant intellectual disabilities. The study was conducted in a cafeteria as participants and other students stood in line, selected lunch items, and sat at tables to eat lunch. Data on social interactions were initially collected on five students without disabilities to serve as a benchmark for study participants. Results indicated that social stories were largely ineffective or minimally effective in increasing social interactions in the cafeteria for three participants. In contrast, the second treatment, scripts and script fading, was immediately and consistently effective in increasing social interactions. Generalization probes were consistent with intervention results. Results are discussed in terms of variables affecting efficacy of the two interventions and directions for future research.