Date of Award:

2012

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Plants, Soils, and Climate

Advisor/Chair:

Dr. Roger Kjelgren

Abstract

Both salinity and drought stresses induce osmotic stress. Thus, cross-tolerance responses and mechanisms may occur in plants. The overall objectives of this study were to determine morphological and physiological responses and mechanisms of turfgrasses and woody species under salinity and drought stress conditions, and determine the relationship between drought and salinity tolerance ability in those species. Five turfgrass entries, ‘Gazelle’ and ‘Matador’ tall fescue (TF), ‘Midnight’ Kentucky bluegrass (KBG), PI368233 (Tolerant KBG), and PI372742 (Susceptible KBG), and three woody species, bigtooth maple (xeric-non saline), bigleaf maple (mesicnon saline) and Eucalyptus (mesic-saline) were compared. For the drought study, water was withheld in Chapter 2 while the dry down treatment was based on daily evapotranspiration (ET) in Chapters 5 and 6. For the salinity study, NaCl and CaCl2 in turfgrasses at electrical conductivity (EC) of 1, 6, 12, 18, and 30 dS m-1 (Chapter 3) and woody species at EC of 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 dS m-1 (Chapter 4). Susceptible KBG was sensitive to s

Comments

This work made publicly available electronically on May 9, 2012.

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