Date of Award:

8-2012

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Advisor/Chair:

Dr. Koushik Chakraborty

Abstract

Network-on-Chip (NoC) architectures have emerged as a better replacement of the traditional bus-based communication in the many-core era. However, continuous technology scaling has made aging mechanisms, such as Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) and electromigration, primary concerns in NoC design. In this work, a novel system-level aging model is proposed to model the effects of aging in NoCs, caused due to (a) asymmetric communication patterns between the network nodes, and (b) runtime traffic variations due to routing policies. This work observes a critical need of a holistic aging analysis, which when combined with power-performance optimization, poses a multi-objective design challenge. To solve this problem, two different aging-aware routing algorithms are proposed: (a) congestion-oblivious Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP)-based routing algorithm, and (b) congestion-aware adaptive routing algorithm and router micro-architecture. After extensive experimental evaluations, proposed routing algorithms reduce aging-induced power-performance overheads while also improving the system robustness.

Comments

Network-on-Chip (NoC) architectures have emerged as a better replacement of the traditional bus-based communication in the many-core era. However, continuous technology scaling has made aging mechanisms, such as Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) and electromigration, primary concerns in NoC design. In this work, a novel system-level aging model is proposed to model the effects of aging in NoCs, caused due to (a) asymmetric communication patterns between the network nodes, and (b) runtime traffic variations due to routing policies. This work observes a critical need of a holistic aging analysis, which when combined with power-performance optimization, poses a multi-objective design challenge. To solve this problem, two different aging-aware routing algorithms are proposed: (a) congestion-oblivious Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP)-based routing algorithm, and (b) congestion-aware adaptive routing algorithm and router micro-architecture. After extensive experimental evaluations, proposed routing algorithms reduce aging-induced power-performance overheads while also improving the system robustness.

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