Date of Award:

2012

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Advisor/Chair:

Todd K. Moon

Abstract

Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes provide excellent error correction performance and can approach the channel capacity, but their performance degrades significantly in the presence of burst noise. Bursts of errors occur in many common channels, including the magnetic recording and the wireless communications channels. Strategies such as interleaving have been developed to help compensate for bursts errors. These techniques do not exploit the correlations that can exist between the noise variance on observations in and out of the bursts. These differences can be exploited in calculations of prior probabilities to improve accuracy of soft information that is sent to the LDPC decoder.

Effects of using different noise variances in the calculation of prior probabilities are investigated. Using the true variance of each observation improves performance. A novel burst detector utilizing the forward/backward algorithm is developed to determine the state of each observation, allowing the correct variance to be selected for each. Comparisons between this approach and existing techniques demonstrate improved performance. The approach is generalized and potential future research is discussed.

Comments

This work made publicly available electronically on December 21, 2012.

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