Date of Award:

5-2009

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Computer Science

Advisor/Chair:

Changhui Yan

Abstract

High-throughput genomics projects have resulted in a rapid accumulation of protein sequences. Therefore, computational methods that can predict protein functions and functional sites efficiently and accurately are in high demand. In addition, prediction methods utilizing only sequence information are of particular interest because for most proteins, 3-dimensional structures are not available. However, there are several key challenges in developing methods for predicting protein function and functional sites. These challenges include the following: the construction of representative datasets to train and evaluate the method, the collection of features related to the protein functions, the selection of the most useful features, and the integration of selected features into suitable computational models. In this proposed study, we tackle these challenges by developing procedures for benchmark dataset construction and protein feature extraction, implementing efficient feature selection strategies, and developing effective machine learning algorithms for protein function and functional site predictions. We investigate these challenges in three bioinformatics tasks: the discovery of transmembrane beta-barrel (TMB) proteins in gram-negative bacterial proteomes, the identification of deleterious non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs), and the identification of helix-turn-helix (HTH) motifs from protein sequence.

Included in

Biology Commons

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