Date of Award:

1-1-1987

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Plants, Soils, and Climate

Advisor/Chair:

William F. Campbell

Abstract

Twenty-nine Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strains were tested for acidity tolerance in acidified liquid medium. Only 41\ of the strains grew at pH 4.1. One acid-tolerant strain, USDA 2160, and one acid-sensitive strain, 162-X-103 from Nitragin Co., were inoculated on seeds of 'Nungarin', 'Seaton Park' and 'Clare' subclover cultivars. The inoculated and pelleted seeds were sown in potted Cluff soil with pH 5. 7. Three desiccation levels were imposed by delaying watering for 0, 15 or 30 days. Four gravimetric soil water contents (6.0, 6.6, 10.5 and 12.5\) were maintained under a greenhouse line-source sprinkler system for 7 weeks. The desiccation treatments

were more detrimental to the survival of the acid-tolerant Rhizobium strain (USDA 2160) than they were for the acid sensitive strain (162-X-103). Symbiotic effectiveness, measured as shoot dry weight, was higher with strain 162-X- 103 than with strain USDA 2160 and was comparable to the Nfertilized control at the highest water level (12.5 %). At the lower water levels (6.0, 6.6 %) symbiotic N2-fixation was more affected than N-uptake. The Rhizobium strains were able to survive and grow even at the lowest soil water level. The number of rhizobia in the soil and nodulation of the subclover plants had a correlation of 0.56.

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