Date of Award:

1-1-1995

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Wildland Resources

Advisor/Chair:

Michael J. Jenkins

Abstract

Fire occurrence and behavior were determined by collecting and analyzing fuel , weather , and fire history ii data. Fuel plots were used to measure average fuel loading by vegetation type and integrated with weather to make worst - case fire behavior prediction s . A fire history was developed using oakbrush (Quercus qaffibelli Nutt . ) sprouts to determine age and the Global Positioning System (GPS) for mapping the burned areas . Average fuel loading was highest in the oakbrush fuel type with 16.8 t/ha , then juniper (Juniperus ost eosoerma Torrey ) with 6 . 72 t/ha , and the lowest was in sagebrush (Artemisia triden~at a Nutt. ) with 4 . 93 t/ha . Fire behavior predictions were similar for all fuel types. The fire rotation for the study area was calculated to be 30 years. The fire history showed the most hectares burned were in the oakbrush fuel type due to fuel loading and horizontal continuity. Prescribed burns and negative fuel breaks were suggested as management alternatives.

The effect of fire on deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) density in oakbrush was determined by using a trapping web design with distance sampling techniques . Webs were set in four pairs with one web of each pair being in 7- year- old burned oakbrush and the other web in unburned oakbrush. Variables such as shrub height and litter depth were recorded in order to reduce variance . Trapping occurred in June 1994 with each web set for two consecutive nights using 80 Museum Special snap traps spaced 6 m apart on eight lines . Density estimates were determined by using a computer program called DI STANCE and then analyzed using analysis of variance with a randomized block design . No significant differences between deer mouse densities were detected between burned and unburned oakbrush. Although litter depth and shrub height were both significantly less in burned sites, it did not affect deer mouse density . The conclusion from these result s was that after 7 years oakbrush had recovered to a point that the effect of fire on deer mouse density was negligible.

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