Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Agricultural Systems Technology and Education

Committee Chair(s)

Wesley Keller


Wesley Keller


Large populations of controlled hybrids are essential to the most rapid progress in many phases of plant breeding programs. Plant species vary in the ease with which they may be hybridized. Hand hybridization of forage grasses is usually slow and laborious, and the minuteness of the floral parts of most of the species which have perfect flowers renders their hybridization by hand especially difficult and tedious. This difficulty limits the use that forage grass breeders are making of the significant principles of hybridization and thereby retards progress in this phase of plant breeding. Any dependable, rapid technique of hybridization which would eliminate many of the present hand operations, that is "bulk" hybridization, would make possible more rapid progress in the breeding of forage grasses.

The study herein reported was designed to estimate the feasibility of applying various methods of bulk emasculation and bulk pollination to forage grasses. In limiting the scope of the study, smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) was selected to receive the greatest attention because of its importance among forage grasses and the wide range of self-fertility among individual plants of the species, a characteristic which proved very helpful in the study.



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