Date of Award:

Fall 2016

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Computer Science

Advisor/Chair:

Amanda Lee Hughes

Abstract

Projecting performance of applications and hardware is important to several market segments—hardware designers, software developers, supercomputing centers, and end users. Hardware designers estimate performance of current applications on future systems when designing new hardware. Software developers make performance estimates to evaluate performance of their code on different architectures and input datasets. Supercomputing centers try to optimize the process of matching computing resources to computing needs. End users requesting time on supercomputers must provide estimates of their application’s run time, and incorrect estimates can lead to wasted supercomputing resources and time. However, application performance is challenging to predict because it is affected by several factors in application code, specifications of system hardware, choice of compilers, compiler flags, and libraries.

This dissertation uses statistical techniques to model and optimize performance of scientific applications across different computer processors. The first study in this research offers statistical models that predict performance of an application across different input datasets prior to application execution. These models guide end users to select parameters that produce optimal application performance during execution. The second study offers a suite of statistical models that predict performance of a new application on a new processor. Both studies present statistical techniques that can be generalized to analyze, optimize, and predict performance of diverse computation- and data-intensive applications on different hardware.

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