Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Nutrition and Food Sciences

Committee Chair(s)

J. K. Kondo


J. K. Kondo


Gary Richardson


Dennis Welker


The effect of proteolytic enzymes on the transformation and transfection of Streptococcus lactis LM2301 protoplasts was examined in an attempt to eliminate the variability observed. By using both chymotrypsin and mutanolysin to form protoplasts followed by spread plating, consistent frequencies of 104 to 105 transformants per μg of pGB301 DNA, and 105 transfectants per μg of c2 bacteriophage DNA where achieved. Optimum transformation and transfection frequencies were obtained when 16 h cultures were treated simultaneously with 25 U/ml mutanolysin and 1.25 U/ml chymotrypsin for 15 min. Trypsin and pronase in conjunction with mutanolysin also increased transformation frequencies higher than when mutanolysin was used alone, but pronase was not as effective as chymotrypsin or trypsin. These results may explain the variability in transformation of mutanolysin-treated cells of S. lactis since commercial sources of mutanolysin contain varying amounts of proteolytic enzyme activity.

Transformation of Streptococcus cremoris CS224 at low frequency (5 transformants per μg of pGB301 DNA) was achieved. Plasmid pGB301 was able to replicate and express antibiotic resistance in the resultant transformant (designated S. cremoris SW301). The presence of pGB301 in S. cremoris SW301 was confirmed by agarose gel electrophoresis.