Hunger and Satiety in Recovering Eating Disorder Patients
Desire to eat, hunger, feeling of having enough to eat, and fullness were measured in 11 eating disorder patients in treatment for less than two months, 7 eating disorder patients in treatment for more than two months, and 11 controls. The experimental group was female patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, or eating disorder not-otherwise-specified. The experimental and control groups ate a test meal two hours after a preload. The groups answered four questions about desire to eat, hunger, feeling of having enough to eat, and fullness, before they ate, halfway through their meal, immediately upon finishing the meal, and 15 minutes after finishing their meal. The groups were required to eat 100% of the meal provided. The difference in data between the experimental and control groups was not statistically significant. The experimental group that had been in treatment longer than two months had means closer to the control group than the other experimental group who had been in treatment less than two months. This may suggest that the experimental group who had been in treatment more than two months was starting to regain a more normal sense of hunger and satiety. However, a repeat study with a larger sample size would be needed to prove that statement.