Date of Award:

1965

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Psychology

Advisor/Chair:

Heber C. Sharp

Abstract

An attempt was made in the present research to investigate the effects of informational source, instructional differences, environment in the college, and awareness of ethnic and religious attitudes as the result of the administration of the test instrument.

Subjects used in the study were drawn from courses in general psychology and basic orientation courses in engineering. All subjects were presented with a revision of the Bogardus Social Distance Scale following the fall quarter of instruction (1960-61 academic year). All but a control group taken from one psychology section received the same scale at the beginning of the instructional period.

Since the engineering course offered no female subjects, and since sex differences were detected, comparisons for instructional source was limited to male students. Other comparisons were made between male subjects in the various psychology sections. Additional comparisons were made between female subjects within and between psychology sections.

The results of these comparisons as they related to they hypotheses presented would suggest:

  1. There are differences in the way male and female subjects respond on the Bogardus scale.
  2. Engineering subjects demonstrated initially lower scores as measured in the pre-test situation.
  3. Psychology males demonstrated significantly greater change in the direction hypothesized than did engineering males.
  4. Instructional differences were noted and conclusions for such differences were ventured.
  5. The hypothesis presented to account for college "atmosphere" was rejected since all sections did not exhibit changes during the instructional period.
  6. The presentation of the test instrument resulted in an opposite effect from that hypothesized. Some conclusions were offered as an attempt to explain this effect.

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