Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair(s)

Michael Bertoch


Michael Bertoch


Wes Morrill


Gene Oetting


Clyde Parker


The role identity of the college and university counseling center has been in a state of evolution for the past few years and a reconceptualized role for the college and university counselor is beginning to emerge. This evolution is the result of rapid change taking place within society and in higher education. In recent research such authors as Morrill and Oetting (1970) have noted that the programs of counseling centers in the colleges and universities are not changing along with the rest of the college environment today and programs are thus becoming more and more outdated and irrelevant. Along with other facets of institutions of higher learning, the college counseling center is going to be evaluated as to relevance for today's education. It is simply getting more and more difficult to justify a counselor spending his day in his office dealing with students on a one-to-one remedial basis. In addition, we have had substantial increases nationally in terms of the number of students per counselor. This alone makes it necessary to reevaluate the role of the counselor and of the counseling
center. Much of the current research suggests that the counselor assume a preventative and developmental role aimed at both students and the institution itself. In fact, there is now considerable evidence that many counseling centers have become dissatisfied with the traditional remedial role and are now adopting an orientation that places more emphasis on preventative and developmental programs, (Boy and Pine, 1969; Danskin, 1965; Foulds and Guinan, 1969; Kysar, 1966; Levy, 1969; Morrill, Ivey, and Oetting, 1968; Nidorf, 1970; Parker, 1969; Warnath, 1969; Winter, 1970; and Oetting, 1967).