Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
Keith T. Checketts
The purpose of this study was to assess the concurrent validity of the JAPQ in predicting the work output and tenure levels of persons employed in the occupation of Data Entry Operator-Financial Keyer. Three separate hypotheses were tested: (1) JAPQ-D2 differences based on employee tenure and output loads; (2) JAPQ dimension preference differences, which may not be reflected in JAPQ-D2 scores; and, (3) the relationship between employee tenure and employee output. Separate research questions focused on the applicability of the JAPQ in predicting employee tenure and employee output, based on multiple regression results.
Sixty financial keyers were administered the JAPQ for comparison against a concurrent PAQ job analysis. For hypothesis testing, the subjects were separated into four groups according to tenure or output. No differences were found in the overall JAPQ-D2 score, comparing "high" (D2 = 6.53) vs. "low" (D2 = 6.60) output keyers and "long" (JAPQ-D2 = 6.26) vs. "short" (D2 = 7.16) tenured keyers. The keyer dimension profiles were highly similar, as indicated by positive correlations in the ranking of JAPQ dimension preferences for "high" vs. "low" output keyers (rho = .962; p ≥ .001) and for "long" vs. "short" tenured keyers (rho = .979; p ≥ .001).
No relationship was found between keyer tenure and keyer output (r = .088; df = 58). When viewing the data incorporated in this area, two employees with extensive tenure and below average output appeared to have skewed the data. The data for these two employees was deleted and a second correlation was completed, resulting in a positive relationship between keyer tenure and keyer output (r = .426; df = 56; p < .01).
Multiple regressions of JAPQ dimensions indicated promising predictability for "high output" keyers (adjusted R = .335; p ≥ .01) and for "long tenured" keyers (adjusted R = .433; ≥ .001).
All results were discussed in respect to use of the JAPQ as an instrument for use in the personnel office. Recommendations for similar research is also mentioned.
Roberts, Nolan R., "The Prediction of Tenure and Job Performance based on the Job Activity Preference Questionnaire (JAPQ): A Concurrent Study" (1983). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 5928.
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