A Stochastic Model for Water-Vegetation Systems and the Effect of Decreasing Precipitation on Semi-Arid Environments
Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
Mathematics and Statistics
Luis F. Gordillo
Luis F. Gordillo
Current climate change trends are affecting the magnitude and recurrence of extreme weather events. In particular, several semi-arid regions around the planet are confronting more intense and prolonged lack of precipitation, slowly transforming these regions into deserts. Many mathematical models have been developed for purposes of analyzing vegetation-water interactions, particularly in semi-arid landscapes. Most models are based on the average behavior of the system as a whole, and how it is influenced by external changes. These models may be termed "macro-scale" models. Other models have concerned themselves with the interactions between individuals, in this case the interactions between individual plants and the available water. These models may be termed "micro-scale" models. In this thesis we present a model for vegetation-precipitation interactions which is intermediate between these two types of models. This "meso-scale" model, also known as a stochastic model, has the advantage of incorporating the behavior of the system as a whole, while still retaining the "noise" (or internal influences) from the individual interactions. Extensive simulations with this model suggest that persistence in current trends of precipitation decline in semi-arid landscapes may expedite desertification processes by up to several decades.
Dixon, Shannon A., "A Stochastic Model for Water-Vegetation Systems and the Effect of Decreasing Precipitation on Semi-Arid Environments" (2017). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 5995.
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