Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
David M. Stein
This study was an investigation of the relationship between 146 mothers' and daughters' (sixth and seventh grade) eating and dieting behaviors. Subjects completed the Bulimia Test-Revised (BUILT-R), Revised Dietary Scales (Restraint Scale), and Food Avoidance Conflict Inventory. The inventories completed by the daughters were slightly modified for better comprehension. The present researcher created an additional subscale (Critical Binge subscale) from the BUILT-R as a means of assessing actual bingeing behavior.
A significant correlation was found between mothers' and daughters' scores on the BUILT-R, including the Total and Binge Control subscale. There failed to be a significant relationship between mothers' and daughters' scores on the Critical Binge subscale, Restrain Scale, or Food Avoidance Conflict Inventory. Ind addition, scores on the Restrain Scale and the Food Avoidance Conflict Inventory failed to be significantly correlated.
Three daughters met cut-off criteria for possible bulimia. None of the three acknowledged self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse. All three daughters reported intense displeasure with their weight, body shape, and eating behavior to the point that they felt that together food controls their thoughts and behaviors.
Eighteen daughters met cut-off scores for the High Restrain (DHR). As a group, these daughters had mothers with substantially higher mean scores on the Binge control (BUILT-R), Critical Binge (BUILT-R), and Total BUILT-R than Low Restrain Daughters (DLR). The DHR group also had markedly higher mean scores on the total BUILT-R, Binge Control, Critical Binge, and Radical Weight Loss subscales of the BUILT-R than the DLR group.
Bushman, Kimberly K., "Bingeing Tendencies: Cross-Generational Similarities Between Mothers and Daughters" (1993). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 6009.