Date of Award:
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
M. Scott DeBerard, Susan L. Crowley
M. Scott DeBerard
Susan L. Crowley
Fibromyalgia syndrome (PMS) is a debilitating condition that affects millions of
individuals throughout the world. As of yet the specific etiology of this condition remains unknown
and successful treatments remain in their infancy. Although several studies have focused on the
emotional components of fibromyalgia, none have specifically addressed the issues of
communication and anger that appear to be important among this patient population. The
objectives of this study were to design a 4-week experimental group therapy treatment based on
successful cognitive behavioral components and add anger management and communication
components in an attempt to increase benefits to the overall well-being of patients.
Subjects were 46 fibromyalgia patients recruited from physicians, chiropractors, and
physical therapists as well as through newspaper, radio, and advertising through flyers. Patients
who were accepted into the study were randomly assigned to either a treatment group or a wait-list
control group, with the control group receiving the treatment in the month following the treatment
group. Outcomes were assessed using a repeated measures analysis of variance with one within
(time) and one-between subjects (group) factor. The five assessment measures utilized in this study
were the Fibrornyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) Version 2, the
Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Survey (CPSS), the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory- 2
(ST AXI-2) and a communication inventory developed specifically for this intervention. Specific
outcomes measured included change on fibromyalgia-specific symptoms and physical and
emotional health-related status, improvement in communication, change in anger scores, and
changes in levels of self-efficacy.
Analysis of patient outcome data revealed that significant results were achieved. in the
areas of mental health and communication variables. In addition, several notable effect sizes were
also found, particularly in the areas of vitality (-.97), mental health (-.76) and pain management (-
1.17). Results demonstrated that a brief, cost-effective 4-week intervention can have a beneficial
impact for FMS patients in the area of psychological function. Implications of these findings are
discussed within the context of the existing literature on fibromyalgia treatment as well as in terms
of possible limitations of the study as it was conducted.
Stillman, Alexandra Michele, "The Effect of Anger Management and Communication Training on Functional and Quality-of-Life Status in Fibromyalgia Patients" (2005). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 6295.
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