Date of Award:
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Kenneth W. Merrell
It has only been recently that research in childhood psychopathology has focused
on a group of disorders referred to as internalizing disorders. Internalizing disorders can
include such problems as depression. anxiety, social withdrawal, and somatic complaints.
Even though research has begun to focus on internalizing disorders with majority
children. there has been very little research conducted on ethnic minority children, Native
American children in particular.
The present study involved obtaining a Native American sample and determining
their internalizing symptomology utilizing the Internalizing Symptom Scale for Children
(ISSC), the Reynolds Child Depression Scale (RCDS), and the State Trait Anxiety
Inventory for Children (ST AIC). The study sample was compared to a matched
normative sample from the ISSC database. Statistical procedures included bivariate
correlations, analysis of variance (ANOV A), and discriminant function analysis.
Correlations between the ISSC and the two comparison measures (RCDS and ST AIC)
were in the expected direction and of moderate to strong magnitude. The total
internalizing symptoms scores of the Native American (Lakota Sioux) sample were
similar to those of a matched comparison group from the ISSC national normative database.
However, the study sample evidenced a unique pattern of responses on the ISSC
subscales, reporting lower rates of both internalizing distress and positive affect. Teacher
nominations of potential "internalizers" proved to be a poor predictor of their self-reported
symptoms. Implications of this study for clinical practice and future research
directions in this area are discussed.
Williams, Michael Shawn, "An Investigation of Internalizing Social-Emotional Characteristics in a Sample of Lakota Sioux Children" (1997). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 6306.