Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Environment and Society

Department name when degree awarded

Outdoor Recreation

Committee Chair(s)

John D. Hunt


John D. Hunt


Kent Downing


J. Nicholls Eastmond, Jr.


Individuals within the United States Forest Service, the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and state park systems were studied to determine their integrative orientation (general problem solving strategies). This orientation involves a preference for trying new ideas, working within a long time frame, generalizing in planning or managing, taking risks, working in close association with others, examining many aspects of a problem, working on difficult problems, developing a variety of skills, and working on problems requiring continual revision. An attempt was made to relate this orientation to education, major field of study, agency, time, tasks, level in the organization, important skills, and situations in which skills are acquired.

The results, for the most part, were inconclusive. However, much of this can be attributed to the sampling procedure and the format of the questionnaire.

Integrative orientation tested with skills thought to be important yielded significant results, with definite differences appearing between the groups. The overall pattern which developed showed that an individual with a high integrative ability feels that a wider variety of skills is more important than does an individual with less integrative ability.