Date of Award:

5-2018

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Advisor/Chair:

Ryan B. Berke

Co-Advisor/Chair:

Barton L. Smith

Third Advisor:

Tadd T. Truscott

Abstract

Extreme temperatures have increasingly played an important role in engineering applications, including leading edges during hypersonic flight, spacecraft re-entry, and propulsion systems. In order to design for such thermo-mechanical conditions, materials must be characterized using suitable measurement methods. DIC is a popular and versatile method in full-field measurement. In brief, DIC compares images of a sample between its undeformed and deformed state in order to get displacement and strain field maps. Since the images are acquired from digital cameras, it is important to have high contrast images for meaningful correlation. Exposure time is a pivotal camera setting relating to camera sensitivity. Alteration in exposure time results in variation of image contrast, thereby affecting DIC correlation. Also, it is well known that at extreme temperatures, materials emit light which can saturate DIC camera sensors, but the light can be mitigated using optical bandpass filters. In previous work, many have shown that blue bandpass filters can effectively extend the temperature range of DIC, and our lab has shown that ultraviolet (UV) filters can extend the range further.

In this thesis, four different temperatures: room temperature, 1300°C, 1450°C, and 1600°C were tested by rigid-motion experiments. At each temperature level, UV images were acquired in order to examine the variation of DIC error over the whole range of exposure time. UV images were acquired at exposure times ranging from 500μs to 61,000μs, which are the minimum and maximum possible values for the cameras used in this thesis. The results showed that there were higher errors of UV-DIC at extremely dark or bright exposure times where as errors were generally insignificant at intermediate exposure times. In order to perform meaningful DIC up to 1600oC, the exposure time for the camera used in this thesis is suggested to be set between 10,000μs and 40,000μs.

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