Date of Award:

5-2019

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Advisor/Chair:

Donald J. McMahon

Co-Advisor/Chair:

Marie K. Walsh

Third Advisor:

Silvana Martini

Abstract

The Western Dairy Center at Utah State University funded this project to investigate cheese research using concentrated milks. Concentrated milk was provided by the South Dakota State University and starter culture for this study was prepared and donated by Vivolac Cultures Corporation, Greenfield, Indiana.

The project initiated as a continuation of a previous study on effects of protein concentration, coagulum cut size and set temperature on curd moisture loss kinetics while stirring during cheesemaking. It was aimed at determining the extent to which pH drop prior to draining and final cheese moisture when using microfiltered concentrated milk.

We performed twelve cheesemaking trials using recombined milk from micellar casein concentrate, cream and skim milk according to a modified cheddar cheese-make procedure. Four different levels of starter cultures were used to achieve different acidification rates for pH change during cheesemaking. The amount of starter culture added had significant effect on moisture of cheese at whey drainage, moisture and pH of cheese. Thus, it can be said that the pH drop that occurs during the cheesemaking increases rate and extent of whey expulsion.

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