Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cement was used to cast a prestressed voided deck slab bridge girder. The rapid-set properties of CSA cement allowed the initial concrete strength to reach the required 4300 psi needed in order to cut the prestressing strands 6.5 hours after casting. Prestress losses were monitored long-term using vibrating wire strain gages cast into the concrete at the level of the prestressing strands and the data was compared to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Load and Resistance Factor Design (AASHTO LRFD) predictions for prestress losses. AASHTO methods for prestress loss calculation were overestimated compared to the vibrating wire strain gage data. Material testing was performed to quantify material properties including compressive strength, tensile strength, static and dynamic elastic modulus, creep, and drying and autogenous shrinkage. The material testing results were compared to AASHTO predictions for creep and shrinkage losses.
The bridge girder was tested at midspan and a distance 1.25 times the depth of the beam from the face of the support until failure. Midspan testing consisted of a crack reopening test to solve for the effective prestress in the girder and a test until failure. The crack reopen effective prestress was compared to the AASHTO prediction and AASHTO appeared to be effective in predicting losses based on the crack reopen data. The midspan failure was a shear failure, as accurately predicted by AASHTO. The 1.25d test resulted in a bond failure, which was accurately predicted by the AASHTO bond model for prestressed concrete. Funding for this project was provided by The Mountain Plains Consortium.
Markosian, Nicholas, "Calcium Sulfoaluminate Cement Concrete for Prestressed Bridge Girders: Prestressing Losses, Bond, and Strength Behavior" (2019). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 7474.
Available for download on Wednesday, May 01, 2024
Copyright for this work is retained by the student. If you have any questions regarding the inclusion of this work in the Digital Commons, please email us at .