Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
Kinesiology and Health Science
Department name when degree awarded
Health, Physical Education, and Recreation
Edwin L. Peterson
The purpose of the study was to investigate whether more energy is expended on the Universal Gym or on the Olympic Weights. Ten male volunteer students between the ages of 18 and 24 in a beginning weight training class were used for subjects. The test periods included a pre-test and a post-test. The subjects performed the military press and curls on both apparatuses. The expired air was collected in a Douglas bag; then, gas samples were taken from the bag and were analyzed for oxygen and carbon dioxide percentages. The respiratory quotient was determined from the volume of expired air and O2 and CO2 percentages. Then, the energy expended per minute was calculated.
The results showed the mean of 7.627 cal/min for the Olympic Weights and 5.441 cal/min for Universal Gym. More energy was expended in using the Olympic Weights.
Zimmerman, Ted A., "The Energy Expenditure in Comparison of the Universal Gym and Olympic Weights" (1972). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 8005.
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