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National overdose deaths continue to rise, with 2021 marking the first time U.S. overdose deaths topped 100,000 in a 12-month timeframe. Substance use, such as alcohol, cocaine, opioids, and marijuana, during pregnancy is also increasing. As the U.S. struggles with harmful substance use, a growing number of infants are born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), a harmful outcome of fetal exposure to substances. This fact sheet will talk about why and what to do, with recommendations for safe treatment and support during pregnancy.
Voss, M. W., Van Komen, A., Hamilton, E., Cleveland, A., & Miller, J. (2023). Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS): What you need to know [Fact sheet]. Utah State University Extension.