Utah State University Extension
Mating disruption became commercially available in the early 1990s, and was adopted by many Utah growers about a decade later. Use of this pest management technology can be daunting due to high up-front costs and monitoring requirements; however, after two to three seasons of use, the cost of mating disruption is the same or even less than conventional pest management.
Murray, Marion and Alston, Diane G., "Codling Moth Mating Disruption" (2020). All Current Publications. Paper 882.