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For women, expectations of gender roles as placed on them as children can mean growing up with a self-perception of inferiority and a prediction for themselves of incapability. Misogyny’s place in society is a concept which is fairly widely-recognized. Women face misogyny in day-to-day interactions and in larger-scale issues like the gender wage gap. More recognizable are more violent acts of sexism such as sexual violence against women and the structural wage gap. However, less commonly recognized and discussed are the acts which perpetuate sexism quietly, such as benevolent sexism. Many women experience negative psychological effects due to the patriarchal standards which they observe outwardly and internalize. Furthermore, internalized misogyny can expand to internalized oppression and impact queer women, transgender women, and women of color differently and often more significantly. When stated and unstated misogynistic ideas are upheld and acted upon, women and girls often develop internalized misogyny. There should be no rules for womanhood.

Publication Date



Logan, UT


misogyny, sexism, gender roles, womanhood


Arts and Humanities | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Hating Pink: The Development of Internalized Misogyny