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Pollinators, including bees, provide valuable ecosystem services for native plants and agricultural species. Phenology, or the timing of biological events such as flowering of plants, is changing as a result of climate change. The digitization of specimens allows for insights into species distributions, seasonality, and phenology in 60-70-year-old collections. The entomological collection at Utah State University, Eastern houses approximately 3,000 individual specimens and over 100 bees. The oldest specimens date from 1953, many from the 1960s, 70s, & 80s and the majority of specimens are from Carbon and Emery Counties. Digitization of entomological collections can provide: species distributions: Which species are no longer present that historically occurred here? Are they specialists on a particular plant host species? Seasonality: At what month was this species in a specific stage? Phenology: Have the dates of pollinator activities? We hope to answer some of the questions we have posed and ones posed by other researchers (Meiners et al. 2020). We also aim to provide information for other scientists to answer questions through the SCAN data portal (Wood et al. 2020).

Publication Date



Logan, UT


pollinators, digitization, specimens, climate change


Animal Sciences | Entomology

Digitization of Entomological Collections at USU, Eastern Using SCAN (Symbiota Collections of Arthropods Network) Data Portal and Seek! iNaturalist App