Evolution of a Late Cenozoic supradetachmentbasin above a flat-on-flat detachment with a folded lateral ramp, SE Idaho

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Geological Society of America Field Guide




Geological Society of America

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Uplift and exposure of the Bannock detachment system and the synextensional basin fill deposits of the Salt Lake Formation provide a unique exposure of the three-dimensional geometries of a low-angle normal fault system and the stratal architecture of the overlying supradetachment basin. Within this system, structural and stratigraphic analyses, outcrop patterns, tephra geochronology, and geological cross sections document several important relationships: (1) the Bannock detachment system developed above the Sevierage Cache-Pocatello culmination and resembles the Sevier Desert detachment in its geometry, structural setting, and kinematic evolution; (2) the Bannock detachment system initiated and slipped at low angles; (3) flat-on-flat, ramp-flat, and lateral ramp geometries, as well as excision, can significantly affect the hanging wall deformation style due to the shallow depth (~2–4 km) of the Bannock detachment fault during late stages of slip; (4) late Miocene–Pliocene tuffaceous synrift deposits of the Salt Lake Formation record deposition in a supradetachment basin, display an unroofing sequence, and a three-stage evolution that includes pre-translation, translation, and breakup phases. Recycled pre-translation and translation phase deposits are diagnostic of this evolution; and (5) beginning in mid- to late Pliocene time, high-angle, north-striking Basin and Range faults disrupted and dismembered the Bannock detachment system.

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