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Application of wastewater to the land has been designated a viable alternative for wastewater treatment by the Water Pollution Act Amendments of 1972 (PL 92-500). However, very little information is available concerning the long-term effects of applying wastewater to the land. The general objective of this study was to determine the long-term effects of employing secondary treated municipal wastewater as irrigation water. The study compared the quality of soils, crops, groundwater, and applied water to a site receiving normal irrigation water (control site) to a site (treated site) which had utilized seondary treated municipal effluent for irrigation water during a 20-year period. Similar management practices were employed at both sites.


EPA-600/2-79-171a Project Officer: Curtis C. Harlin, Jr., Wastewater Management Branch, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory