Document Type


Publication Date



Through its National Waste Terminal Storage (NWTS) Program, the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for providing facilities to permanently dispose of high-level nuclear waste (HLW) in a manner that will ensure public health and safety and that will be environmentally acceptable. The program has placed principal emphasis on developing deep, underground repositories, with efforts targeted toward having the first facility operational between 1999 and 2006. To reach this objective, an extensive program has been developed to find sites that would be suitable for a repository. A draft National Plan for Siting High-Level Radioactive Waste Repositories, recently published by DOE (198lb), describes the ongoing and planned program activities that comprise the process DOE is using for finding sites. This siting process involves a stepwise screening of large portions of the United States, identification and detailed study of potential sites, and selection of one or more of these sites for permanent HLW disposal. All phases of the siting process involve state and public interaction. This report addresses a portion of the siting process. Specifically, it documents the transition from area characterization studies to location characterization studies (both described in Section 2.4.1).


United States Department of Energy Contractor Research and Development Report # ONWI-291. SuDocs call # E 1.28:ONWI-291.