This paper reviews the literature on public involvement in the context of public land management agencies with particular attention to public involvement activities in the National Park Service. A conceptual framework borrowed from small-group decision-making literature is presented to assist public land managers in determining the role and place of public involvement in the management process. A variety of public involvement techniques and data analysis methods is reviewed. A review of the literature suggests several recommendations for managers, including: clarify the goals of public involvement; focus on the public involvement process as well as the outcome; and use a variety of techniques to reach a diversity of stakeholders.
Force, Dr. Jo Ellen; Forester, Deborah J.; National Park Service; and U.S. Department of the Interior, "Public Involvement in National Park Service Land Management Issues" (2002). All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Paper 425.